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What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that cause progressive damage to the optic nerve, resulting in loss of vision. The optic nerve is a bundle of approximately one million individual nerve fibers and transmits the visual signals from the eye to the brain. The most common form of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, is often associated with an increase in the fluid pressure inside the eye. This increase in pressure may cause progressive damage to the optic nerve and loss of nerve fibers. Advanced glaucoma may even cause blindness. There are many types of glaucoma and theories regarding the causes. The exact cause of glaucoma is not known, and it cannot currently be prevented.
Who is at Risk?
People of all ages can develop glaucoma, but it most frequently occurs in:
•Caucasians and Hispanics over age 60
•African Americans over age 40
•People with a family history of glaucoma
•People who have eye-related risk factors, such as eye trauma, thin corneas, high myopia, retinal detachments, and eye inflammation
•People who have certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease
How Can It Be Treated?
In most cases, Glaucoma can be treated effectively by using prescription eye drops or other medicines. In some cases, surgery may be necessary. Unfortunately, any loss of vision from glaucoma typically cannot be restored. However, early detection, prompt treatment, and regular monitoring can enable you to continue living in much the same way as you have always lived.
Office Hours: Monday - Thursday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM We are closed for lunch 12:30 - 1:30 Office Hours: Friday - 8:30 AM to 1:00 PM We are closed Saturday and Sunday
Keeping Your Eyes Healthy: Get regular comprehensive dilated eye exams
Getting a dilated eye exam is the only way to catch eye diseases early, because with many, there are no warning signs.
You might think your vision is in good shape or that your eyes are healthy, but visiting Dr. Mason for a comprehensive dilated eye exam is the only way to be completely certain. When it comes to common vision problems, many people don’t realize their vision could be improved with glasses or contact lenses. In addition, many common eye diseases such as glaucoma, diabetic eye disease, and age-related macular degeneration often have no symptoms. A dilated eye exam is the only way to detect these diseases in their early stages. Talk to your eye care professional about how often you should have one.
During a comprehensive dilated eye exam, drops are placed in your eyes to dilate, or widen, the pupil. Dr. Mason uses a special magnifying lens to examine your retina and look for signs of damage and other eye problems. After the examination, your close-up vision may remain blurred for several hours.